Everyone desires to be good looking and attractive. Good looks are considered to be one of the best assets a person can have. A beautiful face stands out in the crowd and easily becomes the centre of attention. Having good looks in addition to an overall good personality can be like icing on a cake. But unfortunately, not everyone is satisfied with the way they look. Even the most attractive people find a flaw or two in their appearance. Thanks to modern medical marvels, making desirable changes in one’s appearance is much easier than before. Facial cosmetic and plastic surgery has made such changes possible. Now, one can have the perfect solution to all the existing beauty problems, and one can even enhance his/her present features to his/her liking.
Most of the times, we interchangeably use both the terms: cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery. However there is a basic difference between the two types of procedures. Although both the procedures are aimed at improving a person’s appearance, the studies, training, outcomes etc. for both the disciplines are very different. The aim of cosmetic surgery is to improve a person’s current features. However plastic surgery aims at restoration, reconstruction or repair of a person’s face or other body parts. Plastic surgery is a broad term which includes, but is not limited to, craniofacial surgery, reconstructive surgery, cosmetic surgery etc. The word “plastic”, in plastic surgery implies reshaping or re-sculpting. There are various sub specialties under the discipline of plastic surgery such as aesthetic surgery, craniofacial surgery, aesthetic surgery, pediatric plastic surgery etc. All these procedure are aimed at improving a person’s aesthetic appearance and beauty, in one way or the other.
Cosmetic surgery is generally carried out on body parts which are normal or is done to improve signs of ageing. Cosmetic surgery includes both surgical as well as no surgical procedures. Surgical procedure may include procedures such as Rhinoplasty. Other non surgical cosmetic procedures may include procedures like laser hair removal, dermabrasion, facial fillers etc. Breast augmentation, Abdominoplasty, lip enhancement blepharoplasty etc are all cosmetic procedures.
Although cosmetic and plastic surgery alter one’s appearance to enhance their beauty, it is crucial to keep in mind that such changes are permanent and can have multiple effects on not only a person’s body but also his/ her mind. Therefore, before choosing to undergo a surgery, a patient should introspect about the real motivation behind the decision about the surgery.
How to prepare for the surgery:-
Candidates, before going for the surgery, should have realistic expectations about the ultimate result of the surgery. Any surgery that brings about a permanent change in any part of the body can affect a person in more ways than one. Any doubts regarding the procedure should be discussed thoroughly with the surgeon. Before the surgery any type of the blood thinners should not be taken. Six weeks prior to the surgery the patient should completely refrain from smoking and also stop using nicotine products completely. Patients are advised to stop smoking because smoking can worsen scarring and can also delay the healing process. Also, smoking can increase complications once the anesthesia is administered. The patient should also try to maintain a healthy weight and should be mentally ready for the changes that the surgery will bring about.
Risks associated with the surgery:-
The cosmetic surgical procedures carry the common risks that are associated with any surgical procedure. People who have heart diseases, diabetes, hypertension etc. are at a higher risk of developing post-surgical complications. Therefore, any medical history should be completely disclosed to the surgeon before opting for the procedure. Infection at the site of surgery is the most common risk. Fluid accumulation under the skin is also a risk. Scarring can also happen post surgery.
It is important to understand that even in reference of one specific procedure; the results can be different in two people. Since various factors like age, skin type, health of a patient are all variables, it is very difficult to predict the exact outcome of cosmetic surgical procedure. So patients should be objective about their expectations as well as the results of the surgery.
Cosmetic and plastic facial surgeries are not only life altering but also very expensive procedures. Therefore, before going for the procedure it is important to ensure that the surgeon who is chosen to carry out the procedure has proper credentials. A reputed hospital facility should be chosen to undergo the procedure and all the post-operative precautions should be followed by the patients. A patient should take rest for a few days before resuming work. Any post-operative complication should be addressed immediately. In very rare cases, minor surgeries may also be required in addition to the main surgery. A good surgeon will openly communicate all possible treatment plans with the patient.